Verbs are an essential part of any language, and Tagalog is no exception. Proper verb agreement is crucial in any written or spoken communication as it ensures that the meaning of the sentence is clear and accurate. In this article, we will discuss the rules of verb agreement in Tagalog.

1. Subject-Verb Agreement

The most basic rule of verb agreement in Tagalog is that the verb must agree with the subject in terms of number. For example, if the subject is singular, the verb must be in singular form, and if the subject is plural, the verb must be in plural form.


– Si Juan ay umiinom ng tubig. (Juan is drinking water.)

– Ang mga bata ay naglalaro sa parke. (The children are playing in the park.)

2. Tense Agreement

Tense agreement means that the verb should match the tense of the sentence. In Tagalog, there are three tenses: past, present, and future. The past tense is used for actions that have already happened, the present tense for actions happening now, and the future tense for actions that will happen in the future.


– Kagabi, umuwi ako ng maaga. (Last night, I went home early.) – past tense

– Nagtatrabaho siya ngayon. (He is working now.) – present tense

– Bukas, magluluto siya ng adobo. (Tomorrow, he will cook adobo.) – future tense

3. Gender Agreement

In Tagalog, verbs can also agree with gender. If the subject is masculine, the verb ending is usually “-o”, and if the subject is feminine, the verb ending is “-a”.


– Siya ay naglalaba ng damit niya. (He is washing his clothes.) – masculine

– Siya ay naglalaba ng damit niya. (She is washing her clothes.) – feminine

4. Person Agreement

Finally, verbs in Tagalog also agree with the person. The person indicates who is doing the action – first person (I/we), second person (you), or third person (he/she/it/they).


– Nag-aaral ako ng Tagalog. (I am studying Tagalog.) – first person

– Nag-aaral kayo ng Tagalog. (You are studying Tagalog.) – second person

– Nag-aaral sila ng Tagalog. (They are studying Tagalog.) – third person

In conclusion, proper verb agreement is essential in Tagalog to ensure accurate communication and clear meaning. Knowing the rules of subject-verb agreement, tense agreement, gender agreement, and person agreement can help you improve your Tagalog writing and speaking skills.